Vocabulary

Karate Techniques (Waza)
 
Stances (Dachi) Punches (Zuki)
   
Shizentai Natural stance Oi zuki Stepping punch
Zenkutsu dachi Front stance Gyaku zuki Reverse punch
Kokutsu dachi Back stance Kizami zuki Leading hand (reaching) punch
Kiba dachi Horse-riding stance Choku zuki Straight punch
Shiko dachi Straddle stance Tate zuki Vertical fist punch
Neko ashi dachi Cat stance Ura zuki Upper cut
Kosa dachi Cross-legged stance Kagi zuki Hook punch
Heisoku dachi Heels + toes together Ren zuki Double punch
Musubi dachi Heels together, toes apart Sanbon zuki Triple punch
Fudo dachi Rooted stance Age zuki Rising punch
Hangetsu dachi Half-moon stance Mawashi zuki Roundhouse punch
Sanchin dachi Hour-glass stance Yama zuki Mountain punch
Blocks (Uke) Kicks (Geri)
       
Gedan barai Downward sweeping block Mae geri Front kick
Jodan barai Upward sweeping block Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Ude barai Forearm sweeping block Gyaku mawashi geri Reverse roundhouse kick
Soto (ude) uke Outside (forearm) block Ura mawashi geri Reverse roundhouse kick
Uchi (ude) uke Inside (forearm) block Yoko geri keage Side snap kick
Age uke Rising block Yoko geri kekomi Side thrust kick
Otoshi uke Dropping block Ushiro geri Back kick
Shuto uke Knife-hand block Ashi barai Foot sweep
Moroto ude uke Augmented forearm block Fumikomi Stamping kick
Nagashi uke Palm sweeping block Hiza geri  Knee kick
Juji uke X block Kizami geri Front leg (reaching) kick
Kakewake uke Wedge block Mikazuki geri Crescent kick
Osae uke Pressing block Tobi geri Jumping kick
Strikes (Uchi) Other
       
Empi uchi Elbow strike Hidari Left
Nukite Spear-hand strike Migi Right
Shuto uchi Knife-hand strike Age Rising
Haito uchi Ridge-hand strike Otoshi Dropping
Teisho Palm heel strike Shomen Front
Uraken Back fist strike Ushiro Back, behind
Tetsui Hammer fist strike Hanmi Half-facing




Counting
 
Ichi One Ni-Ju Twenty (Two tens)
Ni Two Ni-Ju-Ichi Twenty-one (Two tens plus one)
San Three Ni-Ju-Ni Twenty-two (Two tens plus two)
Shi (or yon) Four Ni-Ju-San Twenty-three (Two tens plus three)
Go Five Ni-Ju-Shi Twenty-four (Two tens plus four)
Roku Six Ni-Ju-Go Twenty-five (Two tens plus five)
Shichi (or nana) Seven Ni-Ju-Roku Twenty-six (Two tens plus six)
Hachi Eight Ni-Ju-Shichi Twenty-seven (Two tens plus seven)
Ku (or kyu) Nine Ni-Ju-Hachi Twenty-eight (Two tens plus eight)
Ju Ten Ni-Ju-Ku Twenty-nine (Two tens plus nine)
       
Ju-Ichi Eleven (Ten [plus] one) San-Ju Thirty
Ju-Ni Twelve (Ten [plus] two) Yon-Ju Forty
Ju-San Thirteen (Ten [plus] three) Go-Ju Fifty
Ju-Shi Fourteen (Ten [plus] four) Roku-Ju Sixty
Ju-Go Fifteen (Ten [plus] five) Nan-Ju Seventy
Ju-Roku Sixteen (Ten [plus] six) Hachi-Ju Eighty
Ju-Shichi Seventeen (Ten [plus] seven) Kyu-Ju Ninety
Ju-Hachi Eighteen (Ten [plus] eight) Hyaku One hundred
Ju-Ku Nineteen (Ten [plus] nine) Sen One thousand




Miscellaneous Terms
 
Karate Empty hand Kihon Basics
Budo The way of the warrior Kata Form
Dojo Training hall Kumite Sparring
Sensei Teacher Gohon Kumite Five-step sparring
Sempai Senior student Sanbon Kumite Three-step sparring
Dogi (also Gi) Uniform Kihon Ippon Kumite Basic One-step sparring
Obi Belt Jiyu Ippon Kumite Semi-free-style sparring
Zanshin Awareness Jiyu Kumite Free-style sparring
Kime Focus Shobu Ippon Kumite Competition sparring
Kiai Spirited shout    
Seiza Sit (in kneeling down position) Jodan Upper level
Rei Bow Chudan Middle level
Yoi Ready Gedan Lower level
Kamaete Do it (adopt the stated position)    
Hajime Begin Kyu A numbered grade below black belt
Yame Stop Dan A level of black belt
Tsuzukete Continue    
Mawatte Turn Osu, Oss or Ossu General term of acknowledgement




General
 
Sempai Instructions (at start/end of class)
 
What to Say Pronunciation Translation When to Say It
1.     Seidetsu Sigh-dets Line up When class is about to begin
2.     Seiza Say-za Sit (in kneeling position) Everyone is lined up
3.     Mokuso Mock-so Close eyes (meditate) Everyone is in seiza
4.     Kamaku Cam-mack Open eyes After brief meditation
5.     Shomen ni Rei Show-men-nee-ray Bow to the front Once eyes are open
6.     Sensei ni Rei Sen-see-nee-ray Bow to the teacher(s) Sensei faces class
7.     Otagai ni Rei O-ta-guy-nee-ray Bow to each other After previous bow
 

Dojo Kun
(rules for the dojo - led by Sempai, repeated by all)
 
The Dojo Kun is a declaration recited by all karate students, usually at the end of a training session before the final bows. The purpose of the Dojo Kun is to remind everyone in the dojo, regardless of rank, to take the underlying principles of Shotokan karate and make them a regular part of their daily life. Each line is recited by the sempai and repeated by everyone else.
 
What to say Translation
Hitotsu! Jinkaku kansei ni tsutomuru koto! One! To strive for the perfection of character!
Hitotsu! Makoto no michi o mamoru koto! One! To defend the paths of truth!
Hitotsu! Doryoku no seishin o yashinau koto! One! To foster the spirit of effort!
Hitotsu! Reigi o omonzuru koto! One! To respect others!
Hitotsu! Kekki no yu o imashimuru koto! One! To refrain from violent behaviour!
 

Japanese Pleasantries 
 
Good morning Ohayo gozaimasu Please (as in give me…) Kudasai
Good afternoon Konnichiwa Please (service request) Onegaishimasu
Good evening Konbanwa Please (e.g. do come in) Dozo
Good night Oyasumi nasai Thank you Domo
Goodbye Sayonara   Arigato
How are you? O genki desu ka?   Arigato gozaimasu (present)
I am fine. And you? Genki Desu. Anata wa?   Arigato gozaimashita (past)
      Domo arigato
Yes Hai   Domo arigato gozaimashita
No Iie You're welcome Do itashimashite
I don’t know Shirimasen (or wakarimasen) Excuse me Sumimasen